A Few of My Favorite ADA Wheelchair Accessible Bathroom SInks & What Makes Them Wheelchair Accessible

Universal/accessible design of the home from an occupational therapy and a construction perspective. This blog is part of a quest for cool, convenient, functional design that makes life safer, easier, and as maintenance-free as possible. It's about the lifestyle.
Not all ADA sinks are wheelchair accessible.  The ADA sinks on the market are in compliance with the ADA Accessibility Guidelines which are:

4.19.2 Height and Clearances. Lavatories shall be mounted with the rim or counter surface no higher than 34 in (865 mm) above the finish floor. Provide a clearance of at least 29 in (735 mm) above the finish floor to the bottom of the apron. Knee and toe clearance shall comply with Fig. 31.
 
Figure 31
 
 
Figure 31
 
 
Basically the sink has to have 27" clearance underneath (finished floor to bottom of the sink) and be mounted with the top edge 34" above the finished floor, which means the sink basin must be 7" deep or less.  **Remember ADA is for commercial applications, when designing a bathroom for an individual the height requirements may be different depending on the person's size.
 
The ADA guidelines also specify a minimum knee clearance from the front of the sink or counter top to the sink drain of 8".  In many of the ADA sinks on the market the drain pipe is located in the middle of the sink.  
Standard practice for mounting bathroom sinks is to mount the front edge of the sink 3 1/2"-4" from the front edge of the sink.  When designing a bathroom for someone in a wheelchair the best practice to mount the sink as close to the front edge of the counter top as possible to prevent the wheelchair user from having to lean too far out of midline to utilize the sink.  
 
Most ADA sinks on the market are based on mounting the sink 3"-4" back from the front edge of the counter top which allows adequate space for the pipes (per the ADA guidelines) for a center mounted drain.  

Better practice is to mount the sink as close to the edge of the counter top as possible and utilize a bathroom sink with a drain in the back of the sink to allow as much knee clearance as possible.
 
I believe sinks that are accessible should also be aesthetically pleasing, here are some of my favorite wheelchair accessible drop-in and wall mounted sinks. 
 
Wheelchair accessible bathroom drop-in and wall mounted sinks:  
 
 Yeni Klasik Ceramic Bathroom Sink by CeraStyle by Nameeks
Great wall mount sink with space to set toiletries etc.  Wall mount sinks are ideal when floor space is an issue.  I never recommend wall mount sinks to people who are ambulatory with balance issues.  These sinks are not meant for weight bearing.
 
 
Cimarron Drop-In Bathroom Sink with Single Faucet Hole by Kohler  



American Standard 9960.403.020 Mezzo Semi-Countertop Sink

Love this sink, it can be wall mounted or better yet overhang a counter top.

 

Sanibel Round Self-rimming Sink with Overflowby Sterling by Kohler

Simple drop-in sink by Kohler.

And last but not least, just because I like the recessed sinks a few of my favorites:

 

Duravit DuraStyle Semi Recessed Washbasin- - 0375550000

 
 

Odeon™ Drop-in bathroom sink with 4" centerset faucet holes

What are your favorite wheelchair accessible sinks?

 

 


 

1 comment:

Jane McRee said...

the depth and shape of the basins and sinksdo matter in its functionality. they must be kept clean as well for reliable functioning. this blog is informative and useful in this regard.